Traumatology & Trauma

What is Traumatology?

Traumatology is the primary reference for professionals all over the world who study and treat people are or have been exposed to highly stressful and traumatic events.

What is Trauma?

Trauma is a multi-faceted condition that goes way beyond the popular idea held by most people regarding what it is.

Definition of Trauma:

A condition suffered or experienced by an individual who has been exposed to an event or events, which may either be;

Situational (These traumas are related to specific occurrences such as armed robbery, rape, hi-jacking etc.)


Developmental (These traumas are associated with movement from one developmental stage of life to another, i.e. from childhood through old age; progressing through fatal diseases; injuries or situations)

In nature as a result of which that individual’s coping abilities are rendered dysfunctional and where at least one of the following have been present;

An element of “fatalness”

An irrevocable conclusion

Usual coping abilities are severely impaired.

Characteristics of a traumatic event:

Trauma is unexpected Trauma is overwhelming, and affects normal functioning. Trauma elicits different reactions. Trauma distorts thinking, feeling and actions.

Trauma can manifest days, months and even years after the event. It is important to note that every individual processes trauma differently and, that sometimes, it is very noticeable and sometimes it is not. In the event of trauma, the following symptoms may occur, but these symptoms are mere examples and by no means limited to the following:

Physiological (Body)

Physical symptoms could include;

Fatigue – Twitches

Thirst – Grinding Teeth

Fainting – Nausea

Muscle Tremors – Chest Pain

Heart Palpitations – Vomiting

Dizziness – Shock Symptoms

Difficulty Breathing

Psychological (Mind)

Cognitive activities during and after a trauma include some of the following;

Blame Allocation – Confusion

Poor Attention Span – Poor Decision-Making Ability

Memory Problems – Disturbed Thinking

Poor Problem Solving – Denial

Anger – Guilt

Fear of Repetition – Personal Vulnerability

Nightmares – Loss of Control

Heightened or Lowered Alertness

Difficulty Identifying Familiar Objects or People

Psycognostic (Soul)

Psycognostics deals with the spiritual dimension of the human being. It goes beyond the concept of the human personality, but must of course nevertheless indicate and have a connection point to the personality.